Papua New Guinea (PNG) is home to hundreds of distinct traditional social groups, or tribes, many of which have only recently been in contact with the outside world. While some groups number in the thousands, many have just a few hundred members. Over 800 languages are spoken in PNG, and tribal identities and traditions remain fundamental to the fabric of Papua life.
Traditional dress, face paint and headdresses are crucial to PNG ceremonies. Here, in the Bosavi region of the Southern Highlands, a member of the Kaluli tribe prepares for a "sing-sing" festival.
The Huli tribe – also known as "Wigmen" – stem from Papua's Highlands. Before special gatherings and dances, Huli men spend hours preparing their make-up and costumes, which include elaborate ceremonial wigs.
This ceremonial dance is known as the Bwetayobu.
In the village of Kofure, women gather in the forest – which provides all that they need to make up their traditional dress.
Canoes are crucial to the Papua way of life, such as these off the shores of the Trobriand Islands ...
... and the long canoes that drift along the Sepik River.
In the highlands around Goroka lie the remnants of PNG's dark past.
Here, the bones of victims of cannibalism are kept by the descendants of those who ate them, the caches guarded by children for visitors to see.
Women of the Jebo clan have their faces decorated with intricate tattoos.
Papua New Guinea's tribes and traditions - Telegraph